Stock Market: Full Guide to Newbies

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Stock Marke (Full Guide to Newbies): Complete novice guide to learn how to invest in the stock market in India: Namaste Investor. Today we will discuss one of the essential topics for newcomers- how to invest in the stock market? I have been planning to write this post for many days because many people are willing to invest; however, do not know how to invest in the stock market. This article will get answers to their question and learn the step-by-step process of how an Indian can invest in the Indian stock market.

Please note that this post is a bit long as I am trying to cover all the basics that a beginner needs to know before entering the world of share investing. Make sure you read the article to the end, as it will be worth reading. Let’s get started.

What Are Stocks?

Stocks are equity investments that represent legal ownership in a company. When you buy shares, you become part-owner of the company.

Corporations issue stock to raise funds, and it comes in two forms: general or preferential. Common stock enters the shareholder in proportion to its profits or losses, while the preferred stock arrives with a predetermined dividend payment.

When it comes to buying stocks, people usually talk about common stock.

Investing in Stocks

You can take advantage of the shares when the share price rises or through quarterly dividend payments. The investment will accumulate over time, and the compound will give a solid return due to the interest, which will start earning interest on your part.

For example, you can make an initial investment of 1,000 and plan to add $ 100 every month for 20 months. You end up 20 years later, with 75,457.50, even if you see a 10% annual return of $ 25,000 overtime.

Benjamin Graham was known as the father of value investing and preached that one should make real money in investment – as was often the case in the past – not through buying and selling, but through the ownership and holding of securities, receiving interest and dividends and profiting from their long-term value increase.

Why Stock Prices Fluctuate

The stock market works like an auction. Buyers and sellers can be individuals, companies or governments. The share price decreases when there are more sellers than buyers. If there are more buyers than sellers, the price will go up.

A company’s performance does not directly affect its share price. Investor reactions on account determine how the stock price fluctuates. If the company is performing well.

more people will want to own the stock, resulting in a price increase. This is especially true when the company is performing poorly.

Stock Market Capitalization

The market capitalization (cap) of a stock is the sum of the total shares from the share price. For example, if a company has 1 million outstanding shares, it has a $ 50 million market cap, valued at $ 50 million.

Market cap makes more sense than share price because it allows you to evaluate a company in the context of companies of similar size in your industry.

A small-cap company with a capitalization of 500 million should not be compared to a large-cap company of -10 billion. Companies are generally classified by market cap:

  • Small-Cap: 300 million to billion 2 billion
  • Mid Cap: Between 2 billion and 10 billion billion
  • Big cap: billion 10 billion or more

The Stock Splits

Share splitting when a company raises the total number of shares it currently owns. This is usually done in a 5 to 2 to 1 ratio.

For example, you might have 100 shares, each priced at $ 80. If the stock is split, you have 200 shares worth 40 shares. The number of claims will vary, but you will have the total value.

Stock splits occur when prices rise in a way that annoys and harms small investors. They can maintain commercial size by creating a large buying pool.

If you invest, you expect to experience stock splits at some point.

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Stock Price VS Price

The share price of a company has nothing to do with its value. A $ 50 stock is worth more than an $ 800 store because the stock price means nothing.

The relationship between price-to-earnings and net assets determines whether the stock is overestimated or underestimated. Companies can artificially keep prices high without managing stock splits, although there is no underlying essential support. Do not do any ump hala based on price only.

What Is A Dividend?

Dividends are quarterly payments that companies send to their shareholders. Dividend investing is a portfolio of shares that issue dividend payments throughout the year. These stocks generate a reliable passive income stream that is beneficial in retirement.

However, you cannot determine the share based on the dividend value alone. Sometimes companies raise dividends as a way to attract investors when the underlying company is in trouble.

Ask yourself if the company pays a high dividend to a company, then why not withdraw a portion of that money for maintenance.

Blue Chip Stock

Blue-chip stocks – derived their name from the most valuable chip colour blue poker – are well-known companies with a history of consistently paying dividends regardless of financial circumstances.

Investors like them because they raise dividend rates faster than the inflation rate. An owner raises revenue without buying another share. Blue-chip stocks are not attractive, but they usually have solid balance sheets and consistent returns.

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Preferred Stock

Preferred shares are very different from ordinary investor shares held by most investors. Preferred stockholders are always the first to receive dividends and the first to pay in bankruptcy cases. The share price has no way to fluctuate in the general stock but may lose some advantage over firms with hyper growth.

Voting rights are not available to preferred shareholders in the company’s election. This stock is a hybrid of common stock and bonds. 

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Finding Stocks for Your Portfolio

Investment ideas can come from many places. If you need guidance from professional research services, you can turn to organizations such as Standard & Poor’s (S&P) or other online resources. If you look at your surroundings and people are interested in browsing your investment website, you may find that it does not look attractive.

Look for trends and companies that are in a position to profit from them. Wander down the aisles of your grocery store with an emerging eye. Ask your family members what products and services they are interested in and why.

You will find opportunities to invest in stocks in a wide variety of industries, from technology to healthcare.

It is also important to consider diversifying the stocks you invest in. Consider different shares for companies with varying stocks of the company or different market caps in various industries. An enhanced diversified portfolio also includes other securities such as bonds, ETFs or commodities.

How to Buy Stock

You can buy stocks directly using a brokerage account or one of the many investment applications available. These platforms allow you to buy, sell and store the stock you have purchased on your home computer or smartphone. The difference between them is mostly in the fees and the resources available.

Traditional brokerage companies such as Fidelity or T.D. Ameritrade and newer applications such as Robin hood or Vibe offer zero-commission trades from time to time. This makes it much easier to buy stocks without worrying about having to eat commissions on your return line.

If you do not want to go it alone, you can join an investment club. Entering one can give you more information at a reasonable cost, but it can take a long time to meet other club members, all of whom may have different levels of skill. You will need to deposit some of your funds in the club account before investing.

Use Your Retirement Account

Another way to invest in shares is through your retirement account. Your employer may offer a 401 (k) or 403 (b) retirement plan as part of your benefits package.

These accounts will invest your money for retirement, but your investment options are usually limited to the possibilities offered by your employer and plan provider.

If your employer does not provide a retirement plan, you can open your own IRA with your bank or brokerage company.

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Stock Broker Pick

There are two types of stockbrokers: full-service and discounted.

Full-service brokers comply with recommendations and charge higher fees, service fees and commissions. Many investors are willing to pay this high fee because of these companies’ research and resources.

Most of the research responsibility comes with a discount to the broker investor. The broker provides a platform for transactions and customer support when needed.

New investors can benefit from full-service brokers’ resources, but often traders and experienced investors who prefer to do their research can turn to platforms without any commission fees.

A money manager is also an option. Money managers pick and buy stocks for you, and you pay them a high fee – usually one per cent of your total portfolio. This setting takes a minimum of time because if the manager does well, you can only meet them once or twice a year.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission provides useful advice on checking your investment experts before allowing you to manage your money and cash.

If you want a lower fee, you will have to spend more time managing your investment. If you’re going to exit the market or need more advice, you have to pay a higher fee.

Sell Stock

Knowing when to buy is just as crucial as buying stock. Most investors buy when the stock market rises and sell when they fall, but the wise investor will follow a strategy based on their financial needs.

Keep an eye on significant market indicators. The three most extensive U.S. indices:

  • Dow Jones Industrial Average
  • S&P 500
  • Nasdaq

Do not be afraid if they file a correction or accident. History has shown that these events will not last long and that the market will grow again.

Losing money is not always fun, but it’s better to catch them as the market is thunderstorm weather, and your investment is likely to increase also.

The Bottom line

It takes a while to learn how to invest in stocks, but you will be on your way to building your wealth when you hang on to it.

Read different investment websites, test various brokers and stock-trading applications and diversify your portfolio against risk.

Remember your risk tolerance and financial goals, and you can call yourself a shareholder before you know it.


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Kristen Brown

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